World literature on Trichomycetes


Abdel-Azeem, A.M. 2010. The history, fungal biodiversity, conservation, and future perspectives for mycology in Egypt. IMA Fungus 1: 123-142.

Adler, P.H., Currie, D.C., and Wood, D.M. 2004. The black flies (Simuliidae) or North America. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. 941 p.

Adler, P.H. Giberson, D.J., and Purcell, L.A. 2005. Insular black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of North America: tests of colonization hypotheses. Journal of Biogeography 32: 211-220.

Adler, P.H., Wang, Z., and Beard, C. E. 1996. First records of natural enemies from Chinese blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Medical Entomology and Zoology: 47: 291-292.

Akov, S. 1962. A qualitative and quantitative study of the nutritional requirements of Aedes aegypti L. larvae. Journal of Insect Physiology 8: 319-335.

Ainsworth, G. C. 1973. Introduction and keys to higher taxa. In: The Fungi, Vol. IVB. G. C. Ainsworth, F. K. Sparrow, and A. S. Sussman eds. Academic Press, New York.  pp. 1-7.

Alencar, Yamile Benaion. 2003. Potencial biotecnológico, taxonomia e distribuição de fungos Trichomycetes (Zygomycota) associados a larvas de Simuliidae (Diptera: Nematocera) em igarapés da Amazônia Central, Brasil. Ph. D. dissertation, Universidade Federal do Amazonas/ Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia. 186 p.

Alencar, Y. B., Ríos-Velásquez, C. M., Lichtwardt, R. W. and Hamada, N. 2003. Trichomycetes (Zygomycota) in the digestive tract of arthropods in Amazonas, Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 98 (6): 799-810.

Alexopoulos, C. J., Mims, C. W., Blackwell, M. 1996. Introductory Mycology. 4th ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 868 pp.

Ammirati, J.F. 2008. Howard Clinton Whisler—University of Washington. North American Fungi 3: 1-11.

Arvy, L., Peters, W. L. 1973. Phorésies, biocoenoses et thanatocoenoses chez les Éphéméroptères. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Ephemeroptera, 1970, Tallahassee. W. L. Peters and J. Peters eds. Brill, E-J, Leyde. pp. 254-312.

Arvy, L. Peters, W. L. 1976. Liste des Éphéméroptères-hôtes de parasites, de commensaux et autres associés. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée (Paris) 51: 121-141.

Ashe, P., O’Connor, J.P., and Chandler, P.I. Dasyhelea (Dasyhelea) saxicola (Edwards) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) new to Ireland and Wales from limestone rockpools with a review of its ecology and distribution. Entomologist Monthly Magazine 143:113-126.

Balbiani, E.-G. 1889. Sur trois entophytes nouveaux du tube digestif des Myriapodes. Journal de l' Anatomie et de la Physiologie Normales et Pathologiques de l' homme et des Animaux 25: 5-45.

Bartnicki-Garcia, S. 1968. Cell wall chemistry, morphogenesis and taxonomy of fungi. Annual Review of Microbiology 22: 87-108.

Bartnicki-Garcia, S. 1969. Cell wall differentiation in the Phycomycetes. Phytopathology 59: 1065-1071.

Bartnicki-Garcia, S. 1970. Cell wall composition and other biochemical markers in fungal phylogeny. In: Phytochemical Phylogeny. J. B. Harborne, ed. Academic Press, London. pp. 81-103.

Beard, C. E. 2002. Colonization of blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) by trichomycete fungi (Zygomycota) in South Carolina, USA. Ph. D. Dissertation, Clemson University. 126p.

Beard, C. E. and Adler, P. H. 2002. Seasonality of trichomycetes in larval black flies from South Carolina, USA. Mycologia 94: 200-209.

Beard, C. E., and Adler, P. H..  2000a.  Bionomics, axenic culture, and substrate-related variation in trichospores of Smittium megazygosporumMycologia 92: 296-300.

Beard, C. E., and P. H. Adler.  2000b.  Trichomycetes I: Coming soon to a black fly near you. Black flies in the New Millennium, St. Catherines, Canada. Abstract.

Beard, C. E., and P. H. Adler.  2000c.  Trichomycetes II: Phenology of trichomycete fungi in Simuliidae.  Black flies in the New Millennium, St. Catherines, Canada. Abstract.

Beard, C. E., and P. H. Adler.  2001. Trichomycetes from black flies in northwestern South Carolina are seasonal. (Abstract). Inoculum Supplement to Mycologia 52: 20.

Beard, C.E., and P.H. Adler, 2003. Zygospores of selected Trichomycetes in larval Diptera of the families Chironomidae and Simuliidae. Mycologia 95: 317-320.

Beard, C.E., McCreadie, J.W., and Adler, P.H. 2003. Prevalence of the trichomycete fungus Harpella melusinae (Harpellales: Harpellaceae) in larval black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) across a heterogeneous environment. Mycologia 95: 577-583.

Beard, C. E., McCreadie, J. W., Adler, P. H., and McInnis, T. M. 1999. Distribution predictors of the trichomycete fungus Harpella melusinae among streams in Southeastern United States. XVI International Botanical Congress, St. Louis, Missouri, Abstract #4036.

Beard, C.E., P.H. Adler, and J.W. McCreadie. 2002. Recent advances in trichomycete ecology and physiology. (Abstract). IMC7 Book of Abstracts, p. 49.

Beard, C.E., M. Knight, and P.H. Adler. 2002. Trichospore germination in the fungus Harpella melusinae. (Abstract). Inoculum Supplement to Mycologia 53: 20.

Benjamin, R. K. 1958. Sexuality in the Kickxellaceae. Aliso 4: 149-169.

Benjamin, R. K. 1979. Zygomycetes and their spores. In: The whole fungus. Vol. 2. B. Kendrick ed. National Museum , Ottawa. pp. 573-621.

Benjamin, R.K., Blackwell, M., Chapela, I.H., Humber, R.A., Jones, K.G., Klepzig, K.D., Lichtwardt, R.W., Malloch, D., Noda, H., Roeper, R.A., Spatafora, J.W., and Weir, A. 2004. Chapter 18 in G.M. Mueller, G.F. Bills, M.S. Foster (eds.) Biodiversity of Fungi: Inventory and Monitoring Methods. Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam.

Bench, M., and White, M.M.. 2008. Biodiversity and seasonality of gut fungi in Cottonwood Creek, Boise, ID. Poster, Mycol., Soc. Amer. annual meeting, August 2008.

Bench, M., and White, M.M. 2009. New species and first records of trichomycetes from immature aquatic insects in Idaho. Poster, Mycological Society of America meeting July, 2009.

Benny, G. L.  2000.  Zygomycota: Trichomycetes.  In: The Mycota,VII Part A, Systematics and Evolution. McLaughlin, McLaughlin and Lemke, eds.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 147-160.

Benny, G.L. 2008. The methods used by Dr. R. K. Benjamin, and other mycologists, to isolate Zygomycetes. Aliso 26: 37-61.

Benny, G.L. 2012. Current systematics of Zygomycota with a brief review of their biology. Chapter 4, p. 55-105. In Systematics and evolution of fungi, J.K. Misra, J.P. Tewari, S.K. Deshmukh, eds. 412 p.

Benny, G.L. 2012. Subphylum Kickxellomycotina Benny. In Syllabus of Plant Families, Wolfgang Frey, ed., pp. 153-162.

Benny, G. L., and Aldrich, H. C. 1975. Ultrastructural observations on septal and merosporangial ontogeny in Linderina pennispora (Kickxellales; Zygomycetes). Canadian Journal of Botany 53: 2325-2335.

Benny, G. L., and Benjamin, R. K. 1991. The Radiomycetaceae (Mucorales; Zygomycetes) II. A new species of Radiomyces, and cladistic analysis and taxonomy of the family; with a discussion of evolutionary ordinal relationships in Zygomycotina. Mycologia 83: 713-735.

Benny, G. L., R. A. Humber, and J. B. Morton.  2000.  Zygomycota: Zygomycetes.  In: The Mycota, VII Part A, Systematics and Evolution.  McLaughlin, McLaughlin and Lemke, eds. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 113-146.

Benny, G. L., and O'Donnell, K.  2000.  Amoebidium parasiticum is a protozoan, not a Trichomycete.  Mycologia 92: 1133-1137.

Benny, G.L., and White, M.M. 2001. The classification and phylogeny of Trichomycetes and Zygomycetes. In: Trichomycetes and other fungal groups. J.K. Misra and B.W. Horn, eds. Science Publishers, Inc., Enfield, New Hampshire, USA, pp. 39-53.

Borneman, J., and Hartin, R. J. 2000. PCR primers that amplify fungal rRNA genes from environmental samples. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 66: 4356-4360.

Borut, S. 1961. Amoebidium parasiticum Cienkowski---a Trichomycete growing on Daphnia sp. Israel Journal of Botany 10D: 142-147.

Brain, A. P. R., Jeffries, P., and Young, T. W. K. 1982. Ultrastructure of septa in Tieghemiomyces californicus. Mycologia74: 173-181.

Brassard, G. R., Frost, S., Laird, M., Olsen, O. A., and Steele, D. H. 1971. Studies of the spray zone of Churchill Falls, Labrador. Biological Conservation 4: 13-18.

Bunyard, B. 2004. Fungi in the news. The Mycophile 45: 5.

Burger, G., Forget, L., Zhu, Y., Gray, M.W., and Lang, B.F. 2003. Unique mitochondrial genome architecture in unicellular relative of animals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science U.S.A. 100: 892-897.

Cafaro, M. J. 1999. Baltomyces, a new genus of gut-inhabiting fungus in an isopod. Mycologia 91: 517-519.

Cafaro, M. J. 1999. Gut fungi of isopods, the genus Palavascia. XVI International Botanical Congress, St. Louis, Missouri, Abstract #4104.

Cafaro, M. J. 1999. Trichomycetes en Latinoamérica. III Congreso Latinoamericano de Micología, Abstract #0-SE-08.

Cafaro, M. J.  2000.  Gut fungi in isopods: the genus Palavascia. Mycologia 92: 361-369.

Cafaro, M. J. 2000. Relationship of the Eccrinales to other Trichomycetes. MSA 2000. Abstract (Poster). Inoculum 51: 21.

Cafaro, M. J. 2001. Species richness patterns in symbiotic gut fungi (Trichomycetes). (Abstract). Inoculum 52: 24.

Cafaro, M. J. 2002. Species richness patterns in symbiotic gut fungi (Trichomycetes). Fungal Diversity 9: 47-56.

Cafaro, M. J. 2002. Systematics of non-culturable orders of Trichomycetes based on molecular markers. (Abstract). IMC7 Book of Abstracts, p. 48-49.

Cafaro, M. J. 2003. Systematics of the Trichomycetes as an ecological group with emphasis on the phylogeny of Eccrinales and Asellariales based on rDNA sequences. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Kansas. 196 p.

Cafaro, M. J. 2003. Eccrinales (Trichomycetes) are not fungi, but a novel clade of the class Mesomycetozoea, in the early divergence of animals and fungi. (Abstract). Inoculum 54: 14.

Cafaro, M. 2005. Eccrinales (Trichomycetes) are not fungi, but a clade of protists at the early divergence of animals and fungi. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35: 21-34.

Cafaro, M.J., and Lichtwardt, R.W. 2005. Unveiling cryptic relationships of the Eccrinales. Abstract in Inoculum 56: 11.

Campos, R. E., Macia, A., and Garcia, J. J. 1995. Seasonality of Psorophora spp. populations (Diptera: Culicidae) and survey of parasites and pathogens in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Acta Entomológica Chilena 19: 113-121.

Cannon, P.F., and Kirk, P.M. 2007. Fungal families of the world. CAB International, UK. 456 p.

Cavalier-Smith, T. 1998. A revised six-kingdom system of life. Biological Reviews 73: 203-266.

Cavalier-Smith, T.  2001. 1. What are Fungi?  In: The Mycota VII Part A. D.J. McLaughlin, E.G., McLaughlin, and P.A. Lemke, eds.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Cavalier-Smith, T. 2004. Only six kingdoms of life. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 271: 1251-1262.

Chadefaud, M., and Emberger, L. 1960. Les Trichomycètes: Amoebidiales, Eccrinales et Harpellales. In: Traité de Botanique Systématique. Vol. 1, Sec 5: Masson et Cie, Paris. pp. 895-902.

Chapman, M. E. 1966. Isolation and experimental studies on some Trichomycetes. Master of Arts Thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence. 42 pp.

Charmantier, G., and Manier, J.-F. 1981. Relations écologiques entre Sphaeroma serratum (Fabricius, 1787) (Crustacea, Isopoda, Flabellifera) et son commensal intestinal Palavascia sphaeromae Tuzet et Manier, 1948, ex Manier, 1968 (Trichomycetes, Eccrinales, Palavasciaceae) Vie et Milieu 31: 101-111.

Chatton, E. 1906a. Sur la biologie, la spécification et la position systématique des Amoebidium. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale 4, 5: 17-31.

Chatton, E. 1906b. Sur la morphologie et l'évolution de l'Amoebidium recticola, nouvelle espèce commensale des Daphnies. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale4, 5: 33-38.

Chatton, E. 1908. Revue des parasites et des commensaux des Cladocères. Observations sur des formes nouvelles ou peu connues. Association Française Pour l' Avancement des Sciences. Comptes Rendus de l' 36 ME Session Reims Congr., 1907. MM. Masson et Cie, Paris.  pp. 797-811.

Chatton, E. 1920. Les membranes péritrophiques des Drosophiles (Diptères) et des Daphnies (Cladocères); leur genèse et leur role à l'égard des parasites intestinaux. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 45: 265-280.

Chatton, E. 1925. Pansporella perplexa amoebien à spores protégées parasite des Daphnies. Annales des Sciences Naturelles Zoologie, Série 10, 8: 5-84.

Chatton, E., and Roubaud, E. 1909. Sur un Amoebidium du rectum des larves de Simulies (Simulium argyreatum Meig. et S. fasciatum Meig.). Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances et Mémoires de la Société de Biologie66: 701-703.

Chien, C.-Y., and Hsieh, Li.-H. 2001. Occurrence of Trichomycetes in Taiwan. In: Trichomycetes and other fungal groups. J.K. Misra and B.W. Horn, eds. Science Publishers, Inc., Enfield, New Hampshire, USA, pp. 55-72.

Christian, E. 1993. Pilze als Endokommensalen im Darm von Collembolen (Trichomycetes, Orchesellaria). Linzer Biol. Beitr. 25: 51-56.

Cienkowski, L. 1861. Ueber parasitische Schläuche auf Crustaceen und einigen Insektenlarven (Amoebidium parasiticum m.). Botanische Zeitung 19: 169-174.

Clark, T. B., Kellen, W. R., and Lindegren, J. E. 1963. Axenic culture of two Trichomycetes from Californian mosquitoes. Nature197: 208-209.

Colbo, M. H. 1982. Size and fecundity of adult Simuliidae (Diptera) as a function of stream habitat, year, and parasitism. Canadian Journal of Zoology 60: 2507-2513.

Colbo, M. H., White, M. M., and Lichtwardt, R. W.  2000.  A fungal pathogen rediscovered in black flies from Canada.  Black flies in the New Millennium, St. Catherines, Canada.  Abstract (poster).

Coluzzi, M. 1966. Experimental infections with Rubetella fungi in Anopheles gambiae and other mosquitoes. In: Proceedings of First International Congress of Parasitology, 1964 Vol. I Rome. pp. 592-593.

Cooke, R. 1977. The Biology of Symbiotic Fungi. John Wiley & Sons, London. 282 pp.

Cooke, R. C., and Whipps, J. M. 1993. Ecophysiology of Fungi. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford. 337 pp. <>Coste-Mathiez, F. 1970. Parasites de larves de Chironomides (Diptères, Nematocères) des environs de Montpellier. Docteur de Spécialité Thesis, University of Montpellier. 84 pp.

Couch, J.N., Romney, S.V., and Rao, B. 1974. A new fungus which attacks mosquitoes and related Diptera. Mycologia 66: 374-379.

Cronin, E. T., and Johnson, T. W., Jr. 1958. A halophilic Enterobryus in the mole crab Emerita talpoida Say. The Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society74: 167-172.

Crosby, T. K. 1974. Trichomycetes (Harpellales) of New Zealand Austrosimulium larvae (Diptera: Simuliidae). Journal of Natural History 8: 187-192.

Crosby, T. K. 1980. Invertebrate animal studies from Campbell Island. New Zealand Department of Land Survey Reserves Series 7: 99-100.

Crosskey, R. W. 1990. The natural history of blackflies. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 711 p

Degawa, Y., and Sato, H. 2005. How to clarify the true status of anamorphic Trichomycetes? -an approach based on the observation of host animal behavior. Abstract in Inoculum 56: 16..

Dang, S. 1979. Electron-microscope studies on the holdfast structure of some Trichomycetes. Master of Arts Thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence. 78 pp.

Dang, S., and Lichtwardt, R. W. 1979. Fine structure of Paramoebidium (Trichomycetes) and a new species with viruslike particles. American Journal of Botany 66: 1093-1104.

Davies, B. R. 1976. The dispersal of Chironomidae larvae: a review. Journal of Entomological Society of South Africa 39: 39-62.

Debaisieux, P. 1920. Coelomycidium simulii nov. gen., nov. spec., et remarques sur l' Amoebidium des larves de Simulium. Cellule 30: 249-276.

Degawa, Y. 2009. Secondary spore formation in Orchesellaria mauguioi (Asellariales, Trichomycetes) and its taxonomic and ecological implications. Mycoscience 50: 247-252.

Degawa, Y., and Sato, H. 2005. How to clarify the true status of anamorphic Trichomycetes? - an approach based on the observation of host animal behavior. Abstract in Inoculum 56: 16..

Dogma, I. J., Jr. 1975. Of Philippine mycology and lower fungi. Kalikasan, Philippines Journal of Biology 4: 69-105.

Dollfus, R.-P. 1952. Quelques Oxyuroidea de Myriapodes. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée (Paris) 27: 143-236.

Dubitskii, A. M. 1978. Biological control of blood sucking Diptera in the USSR. Institute of Zoology, Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences, Alma Ata. 267 pp.

Duboscq, O., Léger, L., and Tuzet, O. 1948. Contribution à la connaissance des Eccrinides: les Trichomycètes. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale 86: 29-144.

El-Buni, A. M. 1972. Spore germination in axenic cultures of Smittium spp. (Trichomycetes). Master of Arts Thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence. 47 pp.

El-Buni, A. M. 1975. Factors affecting sporulation, growth and spore germination in species of Smittium (Trichomycetes). Ph. D. Dissertation , University of Kansas, Lawrence.136 pp.

El-Buni, A. M., and Lichtwardt, R. W. 1976a. Asexual sporulation and mycelial growth in axenic cultures of Smittium spp. (Trichomycetes). Mycologia 68: 559-572.

El-Buni, A. M., and Lichtwardt, R. W. 1976b. Spore germination in axenic cultures of Smittium spp. (Trichomycetes). Mycologia68: 573-582.

El-Sherif, H. K. 1975. Microsporidian and fungal infections of larval blackfly (Simuliidae) in rivers and streams of North Wales and South East England. Ph. D. Thesis, University of London, U. K. 369 pp.

Emerson, R., and Whisler, H. C. 1959. The nature and relationships of Oedogoniomyces (Abstr.). Proceedings of IX International Botanical Congress 2: 103-104 .

Emerson, R., and Whisler, H. C. 1968. Cultural studies of Oedogoniomyces and Harpochytrium, and a proposal to place them in a new order of aquatic Phycomycetes. Archives für Mikrobiologie 61: 195-211.

Farr, D. F. 1965. Some nutritional and electron microscopic observations on Smittium culisetae (Trichomycetes). Master of Arts Thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence. 40 pp.

Farr, D. F., and Lichtwardt, R. W. 1967. Some cultural and ultrastructural aspects of Smittium culisetae (Trichomycetes) from mosquito larvae. Mycologia 59: 172-182.

Ferrington Jr., L. C., and Lichtwardt, R. W. 1996. Relationships among Trichomycetes and their Chironomidae hosts (Abstr.). Bulletin of the North American Benthologist Society. 13: 220.

Ferrington Jr., L. C., Lichtwardt, R. W., and Hayford, B. 2000. Smittium gravimetallum (Trichomycetes: Harpellales), a new species of gut fungus from Dicrotendipes fumidus (Johannsen) (Diptera: Chironomidae) in a metal-polluted stream. In: Late 20th. Century Research on Chironomidae: an Anthology from the 13th International Symposium on Chironomidae. O. Hoffrichter, ed., Shaker Verlag, Aachen. pp. 253-257.

Ferrington, L.C., White, M.M. and  R.W. Lichtwardt. 2003. A new genus of Trichomycetes from Dixa fluvica Peters (Diptera: Dixidae). Aquatic Insects 25: 85-94.

Frison, T. H. 1935. The stoneflies, or Plecoptera, of Illinois. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 20: 280-471.

Frison, T. H. 1942. Studies of North American Plecoptera. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 22: 235-355.

Fritsch, A. 1895. Über Parasiten bei Crustaceen und Raederthieren der süssen Gewässer. Bulletin Academy of Science, Prague 2: 79-85.

Frost, J.-A. 1996. Trichomycetes in chironomids and mayflies at Vinegar Lake, Nova Scotia. Bachelor of Science (Honours Biology)Thesis, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. 42 pp.

Frost, S., and Manier, J.-F. 1971. Notes on Trichomycetes (Harpellales: Harpellaceae and Genistellaceae) in larval blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) from Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Zoology 49: 776-778.

Fukuda, T., Willis, O.R., and Barnard, D.R. 1997. Parasites of the Asian tiger mosquito and other container-inhabiting mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in northcentral Florida. Journal of Medical Entomology 34: 226-233.

Galt, J. H. 1971. Studies on some protists associated with Crustacea: the Ellobiopsidae and the Trichomycetes. Master of Science Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A. 150 pp.

García, J. J., Campos, R. E., and Maciá, A. 1994. Prospeccion de enemigos naturales de Culicidae (Diptera) de la selva marginal de Punta Lara (Prov. de Buenos Aires, Republica Argentina). Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales19: 209-215.

García, J. J., Campos, R. E, and Maciá, A. 1995. Observaciones ecológicas sobre Mansonia indubitans y Ma. titillans (Diptera: Culicidae) y sus enemigos naturales en Punta Lara, Argentina. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 54: 43-50.

Garms, R. 1975. Observations on filarial infections and parous rates of anthropophilic blackflies in Guatemala, with reference to the transmission of Onchocerca volvulus. Tropenmedizin undParasitologie26: 169-182.

Garnham, P. C. C., and D. J. Lewis.  1959.  Parasites of British Honduras with special reference to Leishmaniasis.  Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 53: 12-36.

Gauthier, M. 1936. Sur un nouvel Entophyte du groupe des Harpellacées Lég. et Dub., parasite des larves d'Éphémérides. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences Paris 202: 1096-1098.

Gauthier, M. 1960. Un nouveau Trichomycète rameux parasite des larves de Baëtis pumilus (Burm.). Travaux du Laboratoire d' Hydrobiologie et de Pisciculture de l' Université de Grenoble 50-51: 225-227.

Gauthier, M. 1961. Une nouvelle espèce de Stachylina: St. minuta n. sp., parasite des larves de Chironomides Tanytarsiens. Travaux du Laboratoire d' Hydrobiologie et de Pisciculture de l'Université de Grenoble 53: 1-4.

Girbal, J., and Santamaria, S. 1998. Trichomycetes (Fungi, Zygomycotina) comensals de larves de Simuliidae (Diptera) a la Peninsula Ibérica. Acta Botanica de Barcelona 45: 49-56.

Goettel, M. S. 1987. Field incidence of mosquito pathogens and parasites in central Alberta. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 3: 231-238.

Gorter, G. J. M. A. 1993. First report on the presence of Enterobryus species (Trichomycetes: Eccrinales) in South Africa and the description of three new species. Bothalia 23: 85-90.

Gottlieb, A. M. 1999. Variation in the ITS of culturable Trichomycetes. XVI International Botanical Congress, St. Louis, Missouri, Abstract #2104.

Gottlieb, A. M., and Lichtwardt, R. W.  2001.  Molecular variation within and among species of Harpellales.  Mycologia 93: 66-81.

Granata, L. 1908. Di un nuovo parassita dei millepiedi (Capillus n. g. intestinalis n. sp.). Biologica (Torino) 2: 3-16.

Gray, M.W., Lang, B.F., and Burger, 2004 G. Mitochondria of Protists. American Review of Genetics 38: 477-524.

Grigg, R. D. 1988. Growth and distribution patterns of selected Trichomycetes on the Platte River floodplain of Central Nebraska. Master of Science Thesis, Kearney State College, Kearney, Nebraska. 96 pp.

Grigg, R. D. 1989. Preliminary study on host specificity of selected Smittium spp. (unpublished paper; part published).

Grigg, R. D. 1994. Isozyme variation in selected cultured Trichomycetes. Ph. D. Dissertation, University of Kansas, Lawrence.182 pp.

Grigg, R. and Lichtwardt, R. W. 1996. Isozyme patterns in cultured Harpellales. Mycologia 88: 219-229.

Grigg, R. D., and Williams, M. C. 1989. Distribution of Amoebidium and Smittium species (Trichomycetes) in mosquito larvae on the Platte River floodplain of Central Nebraska. Transaction of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences 17: 23-28.

Grigg, R. D., and Williams, M. C. 1989. Distribution of Amoebidium and Smittium, of the Trichomycetes in Central Nebraska. Nebraska Academy of Science (Abstract).

Grigg, R. D., and Williams, M. C. 1990. Cyclical presence of Amoebidium parasiticum on mosquito (Culicidae) hosts in Central Nebraska. Mycologia 82: 132-134.

Grizel, H. 1971. Le parasitisme chez les Amphipodes de la region de Montpellier. Docteur de Spécialité Thesis, Université des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc.125 pp.

Gulmann, L.K. 2004. Gut-associated microbial symbionts of the marsh fiddler crab, Uca pugnax  Ph.D. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution..

Hames, C. A. C., and Hopkin, S. P. 1989. The structure and function of the digestive system
of terrestrial isopods. Journal of Zoology, London 217: 599-627.

Hapsari, M.P., White, M.M., Chukeatirote, E., and Hyde, K.D. 2009. Seasonality of Harpella melusinae Léger and Duboscq (Harpellales) in black fly larvae in Northern Thailand. Cryptogamie, Mycologie 30: 191-198.

Hapsari, M.P., White, M.M., and Hyde, K.D. 2009. Freshwater trichomycetes from northern
Thailand. Cryptogamie, Mycologie 30: 405-425.

Hauptfleisch, P. 1895. Astreptonema longispora n. g. n. sp., eine neue Saprolegniacee. Berichten der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft 13: 83-88.

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Compiled by J. K. Misra, 1997; updates by M. J. Cafaro and R. W. Lichtwardt.

Last updated: 6 March 2012 by R.W. Lichtwardt.

Comments and suggestions: licht@ku.edu